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ICI Journals Master List 2014
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International journal of ecosystems and ecology science (IJEES) [Int. j. ecosyst. ecol. sci.]
Int. j. ecosyst. ecol. sci., Volume 2017; 7(1): 1–8
Donde Oscar Omondi*1,2,4,5, Onditi Kenneth Otieno3,4
1Egerton University, Department of Environmental Science, P. O. Box 536-20115, Egerton-Kenya; 2Key Laboratory of Algal Biology of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, People’s Republic of China; 3State key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan 650223, People’s Republic of China; 4University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, People’s Republic of China; 5Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute, Lake Turkana Research Station, P. O. Box 205-30500, Lodwar, Kenya;
STATUS OF AQUATIC AND TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS INTEGRITY ON THE EMERGENCE OF AGRI-BIOTECH APPLICATIONS
The major application of biotechnology in agriculture is genetic modification, often refers to gene technology. The result of gene technology in agriculture has been the emergence of numerous Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). GMOs are products of gene technology in which organisms (except for human beings) have their genetic material altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination. Even though, the application of gene technology to plants and animals has made it possible to achieve various goals more quickly than by traditional selection, its eventual effects on the environment is still a major debate. Indeed, dilemmas still exists concerning the eventual environmental positive verses environmental negative effects of production ofgenetically modified food. This paper therefore highlights some of the impacts of emerging agri-biotech practices on the integrity of both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. The benefits include solutions to ozone layer depletion, reduced soil erosion, reduced pollution and emergence of hardy crops that can survive in extreme environmental conditions. However, some detrimental effects are associated with the GMO technology. These include introduction of toxic substances, uncontrolled pollination, emergence of notorious weeds and reducing biodiversity. Therefore, it is recommended that the integrity of the environment has to be given higher consideration while making choices on the type and level of GMO applications within any area.
genetically modified organisms