Search by Title or ISSN:
ICI Journals Master List 2014
Annual Report ICI Journals Master List 2014
summarizing the 2014 year with full list of journals and publishers from database of Index Copernicus.
Index Copernicus Search Articles
to international indexing database ICI Journals Master List
in an international indexing database ICI Journals Master List
ICI Evaluation on Request
Order ICI Evaluation on Request and get to know with a detailed report of ICI Journal Master List evaluation.
prepared especially for your Journal and get to know how to improve it
ICI Publishers Panel
Get to know ICI Publishers Panel - a congeneric system for administering the editorial process in your Journal.
Do you want to use
on the cover or web page of your Journal? More information here
Show the ICV (Index Copernicus Value) to others and order a decorative Certificate - a proof of being indexed in ICI Journals Master List database.
The order form
About ICI Journals Master List
ICI Journals Master List 2014 -
Archives of Annual Report of
ICI Journals Master List
ICI Journals Master List 2014
IC Journals Master List 2013
IC Journals Master List 2012
IC Journals Master List 2011
IC Journals Master List 2010
IC Journals Master List 2009
IC Journals Master List 2008
IC Journals Master List 2007
IC Journals Master List 2006
IC Journals Master List 2005
International journal of ecosystems and ecology science (IJEES) [Int. j. ecosyst. ecol. sci.]
Int. j. ecosyst. ecol. sci., Volume 2017; 7(3): 619–634
Redar Ali Bakr1,2, Hilal Kivrak1*
1Chemical Engineering Department, Yuzuncu Yıl University, Van, 65000, Turkey; 2Ministry of Health Iraq, Mamostayani Zanko, 343, Kolani 3, Erbil, 4400, Iraq;
RISK LEVEL INVESTIGATION OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE AND CARBON MONOXIDE FROM REFINERY IN ERBIL
Erbil-Gwer Road refineries were not built according to the standard regulations. Hence, distillation tower, storage tanks, and flare sections of the refinery release the hydrogen sulfide (H[sub]2[/sub]S) and carbon monoxide (CO). At present, the measurements of H[sub]2[/sub]S and CO were taken in one of the Erbil Gwer Road refineries to determine the risk level of these gases to human health and environment. Khurmala, Tawke, and Demir dagh crude oils having different properties, were utilized. According to the study performed, one could conclude that (i) several poisonous gases like H[sub]2[/sub]S and CO are released by the Refineries into the atmosphere of refinery and nearby the refinery that have the dangerous impact on the health and environment; (ii) the hydrogen sulfide and carbon monoxide diffusion rate from flare, storage tank and distillation tower is higher than the standard rate; (iii) As Iraqi crude oil has high sulfur content than other crude oil and the proportion of sulfur is differ from one location to another, the utilization of this kind petroleum in Refinery is the cause the production of poisonous gases; (iv) wind highly impacts the diffusion of hydrogen sulfide and carbon monoxide. Hydrogen sulfide and carbon monoxide spread further from the source of these gases by increasing wind speed, (v) the effect of atmospheric temperature cannot be neglected.The diffusion rate of H[sub]2[/sub]S and CO gas is increased in higher atmospheric temperature.